Borderline personality disorder is a mental health condition in which the individual experiences extremes of normal attitudes, behaviours and beliefs, impairing function in many aspects of daily life. The term ‘borderline’ does not refer to the individual being ‘on the border’ of having a personality disorder. Because of potential confusion around the name, mental health professionals often prefer to describe the disorder as an ‘emotionally unstable personality disorder.’ Borderline personality disorder does not mean that you have a bad personality; it means that your behaviours and thoughts are difficult to manage and are preventing you from living as you would like to. Around 60% of those affected are estimated to attempt suicide at some point in their life. So, if you think you are experiencing symptoms associated with the condition, please see a psychiatrist or your GP to gain advice and support.
Symptoms of borderline personality disorder vary. Moreover, many of the symptoms are experienced by people not considered to be affected by borderline personality disorder. Therefore, to be diagnosed with the condition, you are likely to experience multiple symptoms for extended periods of time which together have a significant impact on your life.
You may experience intense emotions that change rapidly. You may be worried about those around you abandoning you. You might find it difficult to maintain stable relationships. In addition, you may lack a strong sense of who you are. You may act impulsively and struggle to control your anger. Paranoia and depression are common and suicidal thoughts may be experienced.
It is not totally clear why some people develop borderline personality disorder and some do not. However, it is thought that the condition is caused by a combination of genetic factors and life experiences, especially those during childhood.
Different approaches to treatment work best for different people. Talking treatments are commonly incorporated into management of the condition. These include mentalisation based therapy (MBT), dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT), and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). These therapies aim to help you think about your thoughts, attitudes and behaviours, whilst analysing those of people around you. There is no medication specifically targeted towards borderline personality disorder, but spending on your symptoms, antidepressants, antipsychotics or mood stabilisers may be useful.
This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Doctify Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. In the event of an emergency, please call 999 for immediate assistance.