In a lung infection, pus and fluid (mucus) accumulates in the lungs airways which become swollen causing difficulty in breathing. Infection may be in the smaller air sacs in lungs which causes pneumonia or in the larger airways causing bronchitis. This infection can occur at any age but affects young children and the elderly the most. It also affects people who are ill or are smokers more. Most cases are mild but some can be life-threatening.
The symptoms depend on age, cause and severity of the infection and any other existing medical problems. Symptoms include: difficulty breathing, coughing with phlegm, fever, stomach pain, chest pain, headaches.
Lung infection can be due to an infection by bacteria, virus or fungus. It mostly spreads through the coughing or sneezing of an infected person. The coughing or sneezing spreads tiny bacteria carrying droplets into the year which are inhaled by others. The infection can also spread by touching an area carrying the bacteria.
Most chest infections get cured within a few weeks. People with bronchitis can mostly be treated at home and recover fully. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for pneumonia. During home recovery the following are some things that can help with symptoms: getting rest, drinking lots of fluids, treating pain with painkillers, stopping smoking.
This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Doctify Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. In the event of an emergency, please call 999 for immediate assistance.