Strep throat is an infection with a germ called Group A streptococcus bacteria that causes a sore throat. It is most common in children aged between 5 and 15, however anyone can get it. Strep throat is spread from person to person by contact with fluids transmitted into the air by coughing, sneezing or breathing.
Symptoms usually appear about 2 to 5 days after contracting the bacteria. These symptoms include: fever, chills, sore and red throat with white patches, pain when swallowing, swollen glands in your neck. Other general symptoms: loss of appetite, headache and nausea. Depending on the strain of streptococcal bacteria, you may develop a rash over the neck and chest that has a sandpaper like feel.
Strep throat is spread from person to person by contact with fluids transmitted into the air by coughing, sneezing or breathing.
Sore throats are only treated with antibiotics if the strep test is positive. Penicillin or amoxicillin are usual the antibiotics of choice for this bacteria. This medication should be taken for 10 days. It is important to take the full course of antibiotics, to kill all of the bacteria, even if symptoms have improved or resolved. Other actions to take with a sore throat include: drinking warm liquids, gargling with warm salt water, sucking on throat lozenges and taking pain killers such as paracetamol. Untreated strep throat can cause complications such as: kidney disease, tonsil abscess, rheumatic fever and scarlet fever.
This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Doctify Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. In the event of an emergency, please call 999 for immediate assistance.