Cardiothoracic surgery is a sub-field of surgery with a particular emphasis on the surgical treatment of major abnormalities of the thorax including coronary bypass operations and the removal of solid mass tumour from the chest cavity.
You may be referred to a cardiothoracic surgeon if you require an operation to the organs inside the chest cavity. This may include complex cardiac surgery and surgery on the lung. Common procedures performed by cardiothoracic surgeons include coronary bypass operations, cardiac valve operations and lung cancer resections.
Adult Cardiothoracic Surgery- Adult Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on structures within the chest cavity if you need an operation such as coronary artery bypass grafting, lung resections and aortic arch abnormalities.
Paediatric Cardiac Surgery- Paediatric Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on structures within the chest cavity such as for congenital heart disorders or for lung problems in children.
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery- In minimally invasive heart surgery, heart (cardiac) surgeons perform heart surgery through small incisions in the right side of your chest, as an alternative to open-heart surgery. Surgeons don't cut through the breastbone (sternotomy). Rather, they operate between the ribs, which may result in less pain and a quicker recovery for many people. In minimally invasive surgery, your heart surgeon may have a better view of some parts of your heart than in open-heart surgery. Similar to open surgery, some minimally invasive heart surgery procedures may require stopping your heart temporarily and diverting blood flow from your heart using a heart-lung bypass machine. Minimally invasive heart surgery may be performed to treat a variety of heart conditions.
This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Doctify Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. In the event of an emergency, please call 999 for immediate assistance.