An Oncologist is a medical professional who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of Cancers. There are three main fields of Oncology, Medical Oncology, Surgical Oncology and Radiation Oncology.
Radiotherapy, or radiation therapy, is therapy using ionizing radiation, usually X-rays, to damage the DNA of cancer cells. It is usually part of treatment plan for cancer, either benign or malignant tumours.
Radiotherapy can be used to cure cancers (curative), control symptoms (palliative), shrink a tumour before surgery to reduce risk (neoadjuvant), kill remaining cancer cells after surgery to prevent cancer from coming back (adjuvanant) and kill old bone marrow cells to prepare for bone marrow transplant (total body irradiation). It can also be coupled with chemotherapy – usage of chemical substances, synergistically.
This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Doctify Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. In the event of an emergency, please call 999 for immediate assistance.